Editing services

I’m an accredited editor, specialising in science writing intended for people who are not scientists.

I’ve been continuously accredited by the Institute of Professional Editors since 2008 when accreditation was established in Australia.

The levels of editing

There are many levels of editing, but the 3 main ones are:

  • substantive editing (sometimes called structural editing)
  • copyediting
  • proofreading.

If you’re not sure what level of editing you need, I can help you work that out.

Substantive editing

Perhaps you’ve written a draft but the writing style is too academic and it’s just too long.

Maybe you’ve had contributions from multiple authors and now there’s repetition, possibly omissions, different voices and different writing styles.

Substantive editing aims to ensure that the structure, content, language, style and presentation of the writing are suitable for its intended purpose and readership.

When should you get the editor involved?

The earlier the better, ideally before a word is written. Then we can make sure it is structured appropriately and avoid major surgery later.

Substantive editing can include:

  • giving the text more of a narrative
  • improving clarity and identifying ambiguity 
  • identifying repetition and incompleteness
  • shortening text, while keeping the key messages intact
  • making it easier to read by lightening up the language
  • smoothing out differing voices from multiple authors
  • suggesting images and graphics, and writing meaningful captions.


Maybe your draft is in great shape and you just want an eagle-eyed editor to make sure there are no ‘typos’.

Copyediting aims to achieve accuracy, clarity and consistency.

I make sure that language usage, style and spelling are consistent (applying your organisation’s ‘house style’ if required), and the grammar is meticulous. I also identify any clarity issues.

Copyediting does not involve significant rewriting, providing a single authorial voice or tailoring text to a specific reader—these tasks belong to a substantive edit.


Proofreading is your last chance to catch any ‘infelicities’ before you press the PUBLISH button. It’s a crucial step in the publication process, especially for print publications.

A graphic designer, desktop publisher or content editor will have laid out the copyedited text and images in a design, and sometimes errors can creep in during this process or they may have been missed in the copyediting stage.

When proofreading, I make sure that:

  • all elements (text and images) have been included and are in the correct order
  • the house style (or other agreed editorial style) has been followed
  • no spelling or punctuation errors remain.

Contact me for a free quote

Contact me for a confidential chat about your editing needs and a free quote.